means voluntary “Submission” or “Surrender” to the Will of God. It derives from the root word “salam,” meaning peace.
an Abrahamic religion that worships only one God, and believes that Jesus, Abraham, Mohammed ( peace be upon them all) are Prophets of God, and that Mohammed ( peace and blessings upon him) is the last prophet.
Islam places great importance in the belief that the soul gives life to a human body. Likewise, in its absence, the human body dies and disintegrates. However, the soul is eternal and will be reunited with the body on the Day of Resurrection, when God will raise everyone to answer for their deeds on earth. Islam encourages the individual to focus on keeping the soul healthy, through the remembrance, obedience and worship of God. There should be a correct balance in strengthening the soul and not over-indulging with the pleasures of the body.
Foundations of Islam
Islam is based on certain foundations, pillars if you may, that build the religion and provide guidance to Muslims.
Granted all Muslims do not practice Islam to the best of their ability nor do they fulfill all the responsibilities assigned to them by God.
Each day is a struggle, a jihad, so that one becomes better than they were before. Whether it is to wake up for prayer, dress more modestly, avoid alcohol, abstain from adultery and illicit relationships and avoiding haram, the prohibited, in general.
The 5 Pillars:
- Testimony of faith (Shahada) :
- “I bear witness that there is no God but God, and that Mohammed (peace and blessing be upon him) is His last Messenger.”
- Prayer (Salat):
- 5 times a day. Considered your special appointment with God. Ablution must be performed before prayers.
- Fajr, Zhur, Asr, Maghrib, Isha
- Charity (Zakat):
- Giving of charity and support to the poor and the needy
- Donation of a certain percentage of wealth depending on various circumstances
- Fasting (Saum):
- Fasting during the month of Ramadan
- Fasting for 28-30 lunar days from dawn until dusk. Considered a time to revitalize the mind, body and soul.
- Pilgrimage (Hajj):
- The pilgrimage to Makkah/Mecca once in a lifetime for those who are able.